How to do Hard Refresh in Chrome, Firefox and Mac’s Browser?

Browser cache are useful for web browsing , but a real pain point for developers.

Modern day browsers nowadays cache every front end resource like javascript or CSS style sheets. They primarily do this to increase the website performance. But this can be really irritating while one is in development mode and constantly modifying the javascript or css style sheets. The only way to see the changes is by doing a hard refresh or clear the cache of the browser.

hard refresh is a way of clearing the browser’s cache for a specific page, to force it to load the most recent version of a page. Sometimes, when changes are made to the website, they don’t register immediately due to caching. A hard refresh will usually fix this, though occasionally completely clearing the cache is necessary.

How to do hard refresh on various browsers?


Quick hard refresh can be done by using the following short cut keys


  1. Hold down Ctrl and click the Reload button.
  2. Or, Hold down Ctrl and press F5.
  3. just open the Chrome Dev Tools by pressing F12. Once the chrome dev tools are open, just right click on the refresh button and a menu will drop down. This menu gives you the option of doing a hard refresh, or even clearing the cache and do a hard refresh automatically.



  1. Hold ⇧ Shift and click the Reload button.
  2. Or, hold down ⌘ Cmd and ⇧ Shift key and then press R.


Mozilla Firefox and Related Browsers:


  1. Hold the Ctrl key and press the F5 key.
  2. Or, hold down Ctrl and ⇧ Shift and then press R.


  1. Hold down the ⇧ Shift and click the Reload button.
  2. Or, hold down ⌘ Cmd and ⇧ Shift and then press R.


Internet Explorer:

  1. Hold the Ctrl key and press the F5 key.
  2. Or, hold the Ctrl key and click the Refresh button.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is Ctrl F5 in Chrome?

F5 may render the same page even if the content is changed in chrome, because it may load the page from cache. But Ctrl+F5 enforces a cache refresh, and will definitely render new content that is if the content is changed.

How do I hard refresh a website?

If instead of Ctrl+R you press Shift+Ctrl+R, the browser will ignore any files in the cache and will request a download of all the files to display the page. That is a “Hard Refresh”. It guarantees that any changes made to files on the server will be used to display the page, even if you have them cached on your machine.

How do I clear cache and hardly reload Chrome?

Access Chrome Dev Tools by clicking F12. After accessing chrome dev tools, right-click on the refresh button and you will get a dropdown menu. There you get the option of choosing a hard refresh, or clearing the cache and do a hard refresh automatically.

How do I clear Ctrl F5 in Chrome?

This is achieved by doing a hard refresh by pressing both control and F5 buttons simultaneously on your keyboard (on chrome).

How do I force my browser to clear cache?

You do a hard refresh of your browser. You can do it by pressing CTRL+F5 simultaneously on the keyboard.

What does Clear Cache mean?

When you are using a browse like Chrome, it captures some data from websites in its cache and cookies. Clearing them fixes certain issues, like site loading or formatting problems.

Why should I clear cache?

Clearing the cache data helps to mitigate problems and increase the site speed. If the browser doesn’t load the updated version of the site, even after the changes on the site since the previous visit, the cache may cause issues with the view.

How do I force Javascript to refresh cache?

Hit CTRL+F5 or CTRL+SHIFT+R in most modern browsers to force reload. Use the developer’s console to clear the cache.

Are JavaScript files cached?

Most modern browsers do cache JavaScript files. This is standard practice for browsers as it ensures an optimized loading experience. Cached items such as JavaScript will usually be served from the browser’s cache instead of making another request for a resource that has already been retrieved.


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